CBD Terpenes – missing link we should not ignore
CBD terpenes are ignored by many.
Most of the people and especially CBD suppliers underestimate the power of terpenes as such.
It is a mistake, because terpenes are the compounds that give the substance their character.
What are terpenes
There are thousands of different terpenes, each with its own unique odor and flavor composition.
We could simplify that terpenes are flavors.
The word “terpene” is derived from the word “turpentine”.
Turpentine is by the way the main solvent for paints, varnishes, and cleaners.
We wrote about how CBD makes you feel in the past.
This is to a large part because of terpenes.
Terpenes have been discovered and dealt with since Ancient Egypt times.
Five atoms of carbon and eight atoms of hydrogen have profound effects on pharmacology of biochemicals.
Everyone is solving cannabinoids from which THC is the most famous ,CBD caching up.
However, it is absolutely essential that cannabinoids and terpenes go together.
Terpenes found their traditional use in aromatherapy.
Did you know that terpenes are precursors of steroids?
Steroids as we know do have a profound effects on our bodies.
High or not so high because of terpenes
It is terpenes that give cannabis strains their unique scents and the terpenes that are responsible for the more intricate effects of marijuana high.
Terpenes reside on the glands called trichomes.
These are the most potent glands on the cannabis plant as such.
So, if you would have cbd terpenes – cannabinoids (CBD) or terpenes connected to it – it does probably come from this part of the plant.
How terpenes work
Terpenes are aromatic oils that modulate mood and improve feelings of well – being, not just because they smell good.
They have an incredible power over basic bodily functions.
These chemicals evolved because they help to protect an ecosystem and they maintain homeostasis.
The glandular hairs of the plant is the main terpene productions site that gives off a strong odor when their vapors are released.
Generally, it is understood that there are two main functions.
Either, terpenes repel potential predators to a plant.
And we are not just talking insects, but most of all bacterias and viruses.
Or on the other hand, they lure insects for reproduction purposes.
Either way, they play a major role in biology as such.
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CBD terpenes benefits
Terpenes are substances that are made to product and prevail homeostasis.
Plants evolve together with new mutations of viruses and bacterias – and terpenes evolve along this process.
We can consider several effects on human body:
- Anti-inflammatory Effects
- Anti-tumor properties
- Neurological Health
- Skin healing effects
Pinene, a common terpene found in rosemary and conferous trees, has been shown to reduce inflammation associated with bronchitis, ear edema, pulmonary diseases and etc.
Pretreatment of rat models showed a marked decrease in allergic reactions, especially when used in conjunction with terpenes from linalool and 1 – octanol.
It is fascinating that linalool is to be found in cannabis plant as well.
Limonene has significant antioxidant qualities.
It was shown to reduce cell migration – the birth and collection of new cells, cytokine production – an inflammation trigger.
It is likely that other terpenes have significant anti – inflammatory and thus neuroprotective effects.
We can just recommend you spending as much time forest bathing as you can.
Types of CBD Terpenes
Let us give you some intro into terpenes found in cannabis, because there is not much info about them online.
Limonene is a major terpene responsible for both flavor and effects in sativa cannabis strains.
You can find limonene in other sources, such as citrus fruits.
This terpene aids in the absorption of other terpenes through the mucous membranes and epidermis.
In a concentraded form it is used to help with anxiety and depression.
Alpha – Pinene
A – pinene is naturally found in pine trees but also in cannabis.
It is responsible for much of the odor associated with cannabis strains.
We can consider A – pinene being a strong anti- inflammatory agent.
Linalool has a very floral scent that is similar to spring flowers.
This terpene is a popular for is sedative properties and ability to act as an effective anxiety and stress reliever.
Linalool has both analgesic – pain relief and anti-epileptic properties.
This terpene is the most prevalent of all terpenes found in cannabis.
Interestingly, the concentration of myrcene in a cannabis plant determines whether that strain is considered an indica or sativa.
This is a big deal guys.
Cannabis strains that contain a myrcene concentration of 0.5% or less produce an energizing effect, while strains containing over .5% produce a more sedative effects.
When it is inhaled it produces a sedative effects, according to researches.
Terpinolene has been shown to exhibit potential anticancer and antioxidant effects.
This terpene gives us a rosy scent making it a popular extract used in perfumes.
Geraniol can repel mosquitos and presents a potentially protective effect against neuropathy.
CBD Terpenes – Entourage effect
Nature works in symbiosis.
Almost never alone.
Everything is a part of greater good or greater something anyway.
Discovery of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has changed the world.
On the one hand there is indisputable medicinal effect that cannabinoids interact with special receptor cells found throughout the body.
Since 1988 we can talk of discoveries of a particular receptor system in our body – endocannabinoid system.
Breeders and scientists have soon found that distinct smells and flavors have a profound effect on overall potency of different cannabinoids.
Swiss scientist Jurg Getsch and his colleagues in 2008 discovered beta-caryophyllene – terepene that interacts with CB2 receptor.
These receptors are found in the body’s peripheral tissue – skin, stomach, lungs, not not the brain or spinal cord.
Since Gertsch’s discovery we know many other terpenes.
Did you know that what makes you high from THC is actually caused by terpenes profile, not THC itself?
Terpenes determine different actions cannabinoids have in our bodies.
There are three types of cannabis plants:
Each strain has it’s own range of effects on the body and mind resulting in a wide range of medicinal benefits.
Indica makes you more susceptible to sleep.
On the other hand sativa tends us to become more sociable.
Entourage effect – it’s not just “full spectrum” label of cannabinoids but also terpenes
Dr. Ethan Russo published a break- through article in 2011.
In this article he outlined the symbiotic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes.
The biggest common sense clue that they come together is that they reside on the same part of the plant – trichomes.
Research has established that cannabinoids and terpenes come from the same chemical parent.
That is why CBD terpenes as a term just fits perfectly together.
Several studies from early as 1980s have shown that terpenes work together to help cannabinoids like THC or CBD to pass through bloodstream easier.
For those of us more experienced in supplementation, we know that there is the issue of blood – brain barrier – the brain’s natural protection.
Without passing through it the effects of different substances we take are rather of low potency.
We can consider terpenes as agents to for helping to cross brain’s blood barrier.
Simply stated, we feel more or less of the effects of a cannabis strain based on the terpenes found in it.
Mice exposed to terpenes like linalool and pinene, in ambient air for one hour at the time demonstrated profound alterations in energy levels.
Terpenes have their own medicinal effects – apart from providing the tastes and smells of cannabis, they work together to amp up or chill out the dominant effects of other cannabinoids.
This is called the entourage effect because of the way the different components can work together.
They literally play each other and enhance or downplay the end effects.
CBD Terpenes Conclusion
There could be much more we can write about CBD terpenes or cannabinoids and terpenes as such.
However, the take from this article is.
Terpenes are biological chemicals that promote ecosystem and homeostasis.
They are of crucial importance in nature.
Terpenes are grown by a cannabis plant usually in the same gland a it grows cannabionoids.
These two are bound to come together and they have synergies together.
We can’t just ignore them if we want to follow special applications and uses of CBD or medical marijuana based products.
So, hopefully this article has brought some value in providing an awareness.
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